In 1885, knowledge of the Tutelos was also given to J. N. Hewitt by the Cayuga Chief, James Monture, and confirmed by Chief John Buck, the Firekeeper at the Oshweken Council House of the Six Nations Reserve:"Buck was the Tutelo Tribal Chief and representative in the Six Nations Council until his death in 1935. He held the name Dikáhku that he understood to denote “Chief” in the Tutelo language. The Hewitt record describes the Five Confederated Nations—Mohawks, Oneidas, Onondagas, Cayugas and Senecas—whom each have “an Imperial Council Fire’ by themselves at their localities to transact their people’s affairs.” It further details the circumstances under which the Tuscaroras, Delawares, Tutelos and Nanticokes were enjoined into the Hodenosaunee."
In 2012, the Mohawk Workers became listed with the United Nations’ integrated Civil Society Organizations (iCSO) System.This database was developed by the United Nations' Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA - which facilitates interactions between civil society organizations and U.N.). See: http://csonet.org
Archaeological Services Inc. was retained by Walton Development and Management of Toronto, Ontario to undertake a Stage 3 Site-Specific Archaeological Assessment of 17 sites within Tutela Heights Phase 1, Stewart & Ruggles Tract, in the County of Brant, Township of Brantford, OntarioThe Stage 3 assessment detailed herein was conducted between September 21, 2010 and December 10, 2010 under the project direction of Debbie Steiss (MTC CIF P049-512-2010) and the field direction of Robert Wojtowicz (R291). Four historic Euro-Canadian sites [Tutela Heights (AgHb-413), Blacker I (AgHb-416), Blacker II (AgHb-417), and Blacker’s Brickworks (AgHb-415)] and twelve pre-contact aboriginal sites [AgHb-418 (P1), AgHb-421 (P5), AgHb-432 (P32), AgHb-434 (P39-P42), AgHb-440 (P58), AgHb-442 (P65), AgHb-443 (P67-P69), AgHb-446 (P81-P83), AgHb-449 (P93), AgHb-450 (P94), AgHb-473 (P148), AgHb-477 (P66) and AgHb-479 (P73)] were assessed as part of this study.
Sept. 19: Archeologists evicted by MOHAWK WORKERS from Tutela Heights site
Mohawk Workers call for a meeting at Tutela Heights | Sept. 20, @ dawn – this is what happened:
PROJECT PERSONNELProject Managers: Dr. Ron Williamson, President and Chief Archaeologist Ms. Beverly Garner, B.A. Hons. Assistant Manager, GTA Planning Project Director: Debbie Steiss, M.A., (P049) Partner, Centralized Support Services Project Archaeologist: Mr. Rob Wojtowicz, B.A., (R291) Staff Archaeologist Field Archaeologists: Dr. Andrew Riddle, (P347), Staff Archaeologist Ms. Devon Brusey Ms. Amy Fox Ms. Nicole Gavin Ms. Jaime Huston-Dixon Mr. Jesse Kapp Ms. Liz Matwey Ms. Nina Mittendorf Ms. Aleks Pradzynski Ms. Kayla Reynolds Ms. Jennifer Rose Mr. Anatolij Vecovevs Ms. Rose Miller (First Nations Monitor) Mr. Taiotarge King (First Nations Monitor Volunteer) Laboratory Processing: Ms. Carol Bella Mr. Shawn Bayes Ms. Elaine Cheng Mr. Wendy Solis Ms. Jo-Ann Wurster Artifact Analysis: Dr. Bruce Welsh, (P047), Senior Archaeologist Mr. Doug Todd, Research Archaeologist Archival Research: Mr. Brian Narhi, MA, Project Historian Report Preparation: Mr. Doug Todd Dr. Andrew Riddle Mr. Anatolijs Venovcevs Report Graphics: Ms. Sarina Finlay, BA, GIS-AS, GIS/CAD Technician Dr. Andrew Riddle Mr. Anatolijs Venovcevs Report Reviewers: Ms. Eva MacDonald, MSc Senior Archaeologist & Manager, Historical Archaeology Mr. David Robertson, MA Senior Archaeologist & Manager, Special Projects Report Reviewer and Editing: Ms. Andrea Carnevale, B.Sc. Hons. (R314), Staff Archaeologist * * * Archaeological Services Inc. was founded in 1980 by Ron Williamson and remains a 100% Canadian owned private corporation. In 2002, Williamson entered into a partnership with Martin Cooper, Robert MacDonald, Robert Pihl and Deborah Steiss, all of whom are active in the management of the corporation. All of the partners are practicing archaeologists, whom collectively, have over 150 years of hands-on experience in the field of archaeology and project management
Gary Warrick on Archaeology at Tutela Heights:"It is a very sensitive area and has great potential for archaeological remains of an early 19th century Tutelo settlement and other settler cabins. Also, Lewis Burwell reported in the 1830s observing a Tutelo longhouse. Burials would most likely have been associated with this longhouse (although Burwell did not note any burials or cemetery). The precise location of the longhouse and cabin was not mapped but noted in a survey fieldbook. The Burwell survey co-ordinates could probably be georeferenced to locations on modern maps. I am not a surveyor but a land surveyor could easily use Burwell's field notes to fix the locations of noted houses and lot lines." Gary Warrick - Associate Professor, Contemporary Studies and Indigenous Studies; Fellow, Tshepo Institute for the Study of Contemporary Africa
Known Provincial MTC InvolvementShari Prowse, Archaeology Review Officer with the Ministry of Tourism and Culture, provided direction to the team on March 18, 2011
This site was occupied intermittently as a tool-making station for thousands of years – perhaps since the Late Paleo-Indian period.The large amount of debitage and formal tools recovered from AgHb-434, as well as the recovery of a possible Late Paleo-Indian point base (10,400-9,500 BP), two Middle Archaic Brewerton points (5,500- 4,500 BP), a Late Archaic period Crawford Knoll point (4,500-2,900 BP) and a Late Middle Woodland Jack’s Reef point (1,500 BP-1,100 BP) suggest the site was occupied intermittently as a tool-making station for thousands of years. The debitage composition of the site and the 14 bifacial tools collected suggest the site's inhabitants were not engaged in the early stages of tool or biface manufacturing; rather, the intermediary and final stages of biface shaping, refinement and refurbishment were the primary activities occurring on one site were evidenced by the relative frequency of secondary debitage recovered (26.21%). By comparison, primary debitage combined represents a mere 1.95% of the Stage 3 assemblage (excluding the three cores recovered). The presence of a drill/awl, an end scraper and two modified flakes suggests site activities likely included both hard and soft organic materials processing. * * * Given the low artifact yields from test unit excavation, AgHb-434 (P39-P42) is deemed to lack cultural heritage significance and, therefore, no further archaeological assessment is recommended for this site.
Pre-contact (Early, Middle & Late Archaic and Late Woodland Period) ArtifactsThe large amount of debitage and formal tools recovered from AgHb-446, as well as the recovery of an Early Archaic Bifurcate projectile point (9,500-5,500 BP), a Middle Archaic Brewerton side-notched point (5,500-4,500 BP) and Late Archaic Perkiomen and Innes points (4,500-2,900 BP) suggest the site was in intermittently used as a tool-making station over a lengthy period of time. The presence of a scraper, in addition to the scraper and graver recovered in Stage 2 work, and three modified flakes suggests site activities included animal hide and food processing. * * * The artifact assemblage from AgHb-473 (P148), including the projectile point recovered during Stage 2 assessment of the site area, indicates multiple occupations of the site area from the Middle Archaic (5,500-4,500 BP) and Late Archaic (4,500-2,900 BP) periods to the Late Woodland period (1,200 BP). * * * Fossil Hill chert indicates raw material associated with Paleo-Indian occupations.
Sept 13 2012 Walton Parties Violate LNI
Sept 15 2012 Walton Parties Served
Sept 19 2012 – Walton Parties Evicted